Essence of inflation and as with it to fight
What is the inflation know, possibly, very many is a depreciation of money. However, this question deserves deeper discussion, after all inflation makes considerable impact on financial policy of many countries of the world.
The concept "inflation" appeared in the sixties the last century, a code there was a war in America between the North and the South. Then the term "inflation" was understood as significant increase in paper active money. However inflation received the biggest development in the 20th century. As to Russia, inflation was quite strong in 20 – x years of the 20th eyelid.
In general, it is necessary to tell at once that inflation in one way or another was in any country of the world – the exception is made, perhaps, by only those tribes which conduct a subsistence economy where active money in general is not present. Financiers defines inflation as in the address there is a large number of paper money which are not confirmed with a commodity stock. If it is absolutely short, inflation is a big rise in prices.
Effectively to fight against inflation it is necessary to know its reasons, and, both direct, and indirect. Fight against inflation effectively working financial institutions in the state can, here the big role is played by banks. Reviews of banks of many countries as about reliable financial institutions, say that the competent bank policy is very effective for fight against inflation. Inflation can be caused, both internal, and external factors. If to speak about external factors, they can be the following:
– world crises therefore the prices for strategic raw materials grow and the company monopolists rise in the price;
– an exchange of national currency on foreign that inevitably leads to significant increase in monetary weight in a turn, and it is already fraught with inflation;
– the negative balance of payment and foreign trade balance, that is if at the state there are a lot of debts, conducts it to inflation.
The internal factors leading to inflation the following:
– non-uniform development of different types of an economy in the state (the heavy industry grows, for example, and easy – does not develop);
– a budget deficit which is compensated by press start that increases mass of money in a turn;
– economy militarization, superfluous military expenses conduct to inflation.